Author Topic: Islam Decolonize People Ideologically  (Read 52 times)

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Islam Decolonize People Ideologically
« on: July 26, 2022, 02:59:01 am »
See this photographed diary about the political visit to Mr. Noor Imansyah on the Town of Magetan, Province of East Java, Nusantara



Photographed on Friday, ‎July ‎22, ‎2022, ‏‎09:48 Jakarta Time

Transcript :

Saturday, 2 April 2022 (The date which written is wrong, the correct date is the date which written today on this forum post)

"He said that the kingdoms in Indonesia had governed their people using the rules of Islamic law. Even when attacked by colonizers from Europe. The example he showed was when the leader of the Mataram Kingdom, Raden Amangkurat even defended the Dutch colonialists, the people he led continued to fight against the colonialists, together with against their leader also. (It means him, Raden Amangkurat) And they continue to fight because they remain obedient and obedient to the rules of Islamic law. And they built the Al-Fattah Islamic Boarding School, located in Magetan City, East Java Province, which has survived and is still around for hundreds of years today. Because it taught salafi teachings, the leader of the Islamic Madrasa and his students supported the Grand Imam Habib Rizieq bin Hussein bin Shihab, and wanted the rules of Islamic shari'ah to be applied to the Indonesian people."

For the details. The king whom Noor Imansyah refer is Raden Amangkurat I. And this is the brief history from the article website about how Raden Amangkurat I betrayed the entire Nusantarans.

Source : https://www.kompas.com/stori/read/2021/08/16/150000579/amangkurat-i-raja-kesultanan-mataram-yang-zalim?page=all

Quote
"Since the beginning of his reign, Amangkurat I made an agreement with the VOC that essentially Mataram had to recognize the VOC's political power in Batavia. Every year, the VOC also sent envoys to Mataram, who in the end interfered in the kingdom's political affairs.

Gradually, the territory of the kingdom narrowed due to the annexation carried out by the Dutch in return for its intervention in the conflict among the royal family.

Therefore, it is not wrong to call the reign of Amangkurat I the beginning of the decline of the Islamic Mataram Kingdom.

The displeasure of the people and palace officials peaked when the king was found to be hostile to his own son, Pangeran Adipati Anom.

Trunojoyo Rebellion

The Trunojoyo Rebellion After tragedy after tragedy occurred, the people began to fear and form antipathy.

As a result, the people of Mataram fought against King Amangkurat I under the leadership of Prince Trunojoyo of Madura, who also had the support of court officials. Entering 1677, Prince Trunojoyo had captured the Plered Palace and Amangkurat I was forced to leave for Cirebon to ask for help from the VOC.

Prince Adipati Anom and Prince Trunojoyo, who were previously allies, got into conflict.

This made Prince Trunojoyo not hand over power to him as previously agreed. As a result, Prince Adipati Anom chose to switch to his father's side.

End of life

In his flight to ask the VOC for help, Amangkurat I fell ill and died in Wanayasa (Banyumas) on 10 July 1677."


Another writings about history of Islamic Nusantarans's resistance to Raden Amangkurat I and his Dutch colonial collaborators. See this contents below :

Source : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trunajaya_rebellion

Quote
The Trunajaya rebellion (also spelled Trunojoyo; Indonesian: Pemberontakan Trunajaya) or Trunajaya War was the ultimately unsuccessful rebellion waged by the Madurese prince Trunajaya and fighters from Makassar against the Mataram Sultanate and its Dutch East India Company (VOC) supporters in Java (in modern-day Indonesia) during the 1670s.

The rebellion was initially successful: the rebels defeated the royal army at Gegodog (1676), captured most of the Javanese north coast, and took the Mataram capital Plered (1677). King Amangkurat I died during the retreat of the royal court. His son and successor, Amangkurat II, requested help from the VOC in exchange for financial remuneration and geopolitical concessions. The VOC's subsequent involvement turned the tide of the war. VOC and Mataram forces expelled Trunajaya from Surabaya, recovered lost territories and overran his new capital at Kediri (1678). However, the rebellion continued until the capture of Trunajaya at the end of 1679, and the defeat, death, or surrender of the other rebel leaders (16791680). Trunajaya was killed by Amangkurat II personally in 1680 while a prisoner of the VOC.

...

Amangkurat I took the throne of Mataram in 1646, succeeding Sultan Agung, who had expanded Mataram's realm to include most of Central and East Java, as well as a few overseas vassals in southern Sumatra and Borneo.[8] The early years of Amangkurat's reign were marked by executions and massacres against his political enemies. In response to the failed coup attempt of his brother Pangeran Alit, he ordered massacres of Islamic men who he believed were complicit in Alit's rebellion.[9] Alit himself was killed during the failed coup.[9] In 1659 Amangkurat suspected that Pangeran Pekik, his father-in-law and the son of the conquered Duke of Surabaya who lived at the Mataram court after Surabaya's defeat, was leading a conspiracy against his life.[10] He ordered Pekik and his relatives killed.[10] This massacre of East Java's most important princely house created a rift between Amangkurat and his East Javanese subjects and caused a conflict with his son, the crown prince (later Amangkurat II), who was also Pekik's grandson.[10] Over the next few years, Amangkurat carried out a number of additional killings against members of the nobility who had lost his trust.[10]

Raden Trunajaya (also spelled Trunojoyo) was a descendant of the rulers of Madura, who was forced to live in the Mataram court after Madura's defeat and annexation by Mataram in 1624.[11] After his father was executed by Amangkurat I in 1656, he left the court, moved to Kajoran, and married the daughter of Raden Kajoran, the head of the ruling family there.[12][11] The Kajoran family was an ancient family of clerics and was related by marriage to the royal family.[12] Raden Kajoran was alarmed at the brutality of Amangkurat I's rule, including executions of noblemen at court.[11] In 1670 Kajoran introduced his son-in-law Trunajaya to the crown prince, who had recently been banished by the king due to a scandal, and the two forged a friendship that included a mutual dislike of Amangkurat.[11] In 1671 Trunajaya returned to Madura, where he used the crown prince's support to defeat the local governor and become the master of Madura.[13]


The taking of Makassar by the VOC in 1669 caused emigration of Makassarese fighters to Java, many of which would later join the rebels' side.
Makassar was the principal trading center east of Java.[13] After the 1669 VOC victory over the Gowa Sultanate in the Makassar War, bands of Makassarese soldiers fled Makassar to seek their fortune elsewhere.[13] Initially, they settled in territories of the Banten Sultanate, but in 1674 they were expelled, and turned to piracy, raiding coastal towns in Java and Nusa Tenggara.[13] The Mataram crown prince later allowed them to settle in Demung, a village in the eastern salient of Java.[13] In 1675 an additional band of Makassarese fighters and pirates arrived in Demung led by the Kraeng of Galesong.[13] These Makassarese itinerant fighters would later join the rebellion as Trunajaya's allies.[12]

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