Author Topic: Kuo Min Tang China  (Read 29 times)

antihellenistic

  • Jr. Member
  • **
  • Posts: 70
    • View Profile
Kuo Min Tang China
« on: November 12, 2022, 11:22:47 pm »
From written historical information, the Kuo Min Tang Nationalist China and it's westernized Chinese people on Nusantara worked together to increased their business and economic power with also allied with Netherlands Colonialism. See the written content below :

(Read the writings which given bold if you not have enough time to read the entire content)

Quote
A Problem in Java - The Chinese in the Dutch East Indies By Amry Vandenbosch

...The Chinese had no political or cultural aspirations. They asked only for the opportunity of improving their economic position, and in this they met with no opposition from the Dutch, for the Dutch found their presence necessary for the exploitation of the islands. Instead of their interest competing with those of the Dutch they complemented them. This is well illustrated in the instructions of one of the early Dutch governors of the East Indies : "A very great number of people is necessary for the inhabiting of Batavia, the Moluccas, Amboyna, Banda.... More money is requisite, to send great returns into the Netherlands... No people in the world do us better service than the Chinese... As trade cannot be gotten by friendly means, it is requisite by this monsoon to send another fleet to visit the coast of China and take prisoners as many men, women and children as possible... If the war proceed against China...an especial foresight must be used to take a very great number of Chinese, especially women and children, for the peopling of Batavia, Amboyna, and Banda, ..."

...

There is still a strong nationalist sentiment, although there is among the peranakans a tendency to align themselves on the side of the Indonesian nationalist. Many peranakans, however, seem unable to make up their minds whether their interest lie on the side of the Dutch or of the natives. The Chinese are disliked by the natives who resent their superiority complex. Moreover their interest in a native-controlled government might not receive as favorable consideration as they now do. Peranakans can be found who are more royal than the king. The peranakans are also being more and more oriented toward Dutch culture. Very large numbers go to Netherlands for their higher education. While in Holland they are ardent Chinese nationalist, but upon their return to the Indies they increasingly attach themselves to the Europeans, both because they now feel more at home with them and for protection of their interest against the natives and Indonesian nationalist. Very few peranakans have a speaking or reading knowledge of Chinese.

...

The year 1900 was a significant year for the Chinese movement in the East Indies as well as in China. The year of the Boxer Rebellion was marked by several governmental acts of far-reaching importance for the Chinese. The system out the sale of opium was abolished and a government monopoly instituted instead; the decision was made to extend the government monopoly of pawning throughout the East Indies; and in this same year the government began its system of agricultural credit banks with the object of furnishing cheaper credit to the farmers and rescuing them from the clutches of the usurers. All these measures affected the Chinese injuriously, for they took away the business of others.

It was at this juncture of events that the Chinese, encouraged by interest which the Chinese government now began to manifest in them, actively began to assert themselves to improve their position. Education and the press were the chief means employed. School societies were organized and schools opened. Preference was expressed for Dutch as the language medium but since the school societies could not afford the high salaried Dutch teachers, English was chosen, for the reason that Chinese instructors could be cheaply obtained from Singapore, and in addtion English had the advantage of being the commercial language of the East. The Chinese press in the Indies strenghtened the unity and national consciousness of the Chinese and pressed their grievances with the Indies government. "The Chinese in the Indies," so wrote the press, "are stepchildren rejected by the Indies government, but again recognized by their own father, China, who, asleep all these years, is awakened."

...

...The fact that the Japanese come under the category of Europeans (since 1889) especially offends Chinese national pride. The announcement of the Chinese government that it would introduce law codes based on western principles in 1930 was the occasion for a statement from the East Indian government that a bill was being prepared for introduction in the next colonial legislature with the object of placing Chinese on the same legal footing as Europeans and Japanese.

Source : A Problem in Java: The Chinese in the Dutch East Indies - Amry Vandenbosch page 1001, 1015, 1007, 1013

Link/URL : https://www.jstor.org/stable/2750073?read-now=1&seq=15#page_scan_tab_contents


Quote
The existence of the Chinese officer system did not mean that the VOC did not intervene in Chinese community affairs. In 1655, the Dutch established the Council of Boedelmeesters (Trustees), consisting of both Dutchmen and Chinese, to administer the inheritance of the Chinese who died without issue or without children who had come of age. The fund the trustees came to administer was used to build hospitals and orphanages. The Dutch and the Chinese also had to jointly deal with some other problems such as sanitation and debtor-creditor relations involving both. And also, from early days, the Chinese could take advantage of the Dutch commercial law which gave protection to their property. Being the headquarters of the VOC, Batavia enjoyed the best legal protection, so many Chinese preferred to stay there [Blusse 1986: 85]. From the founding of Batavia in 1619 to the end of the VOC in 1800, the relations between the Dutch and the Chinese seemed generally good ...

Peranakans mean the Nusantara-born Chinese

...

Close relations with the Dutch influenced the culture of peranakan society. By buying Dutch furniture and other Dutch products, the cabang atas peranakan adopted the Dutch style of living. In the 20th century, when Dutch naturalization became possible, many peranakan Chinese sought it and obtained European status [Skinner 1963]. Even in the early 1940s, when the threat of war began endangering Dutch colonialism, there were still some Chinese asking for Dutch naturalization.

...

It was in this situation that there arose a movement among the Chinese in Java, or the Young Chinese Movement, as was called by P.H. Fromberg, the Dutch colonial advisor for Chinese affairs and main advocate of Chinese cause.7) It was a movement against the colonial government policy on the Chinese. The Chinese demanded the colonial government to end the restrictions on traveling and residence and give them legal status equal to the Europeans. The movement also led to the founding of the Tiong Hwa Hwee Kwan School (T.H.H.K. School), Chinese Chamber of Commerce, and a more politically oriented reading club, Soe Po Sia. It was partly in response to this movement that the Dutch established the 7) "De Chineesche Beweging op Java" in [Fromberg 1926]. Hollands Chineesche Scholen (School); it became necessary to keep the loyalty of their Chinese subjects. Also as a response to the movement (and the pressure of Dutch businesses which felt that the restrictions on Chinese traveling and residence were detrimental to their business interests), the Dutch practically abolished the restrictions on traveling and residence in 1910, although it took another several years for these to be completely abolished (this was done in 1916).


Source : Chinese Capitalism in Dutch Java - Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 27, No.2, September 1989 page 158, 166, 173

Link/URL : https://kyoto-seas.org/pdf/27/2/270202.pdf

About the Kuo Min Tang Nationalist Chinese, see the content below :

Quote
The Kuomintang (KMT), also referred to as the Guomindang (GMD)[35] or the Chinese Nationalist Party,[1] is a major political party in the Republic of China, initially on the Chinese mainland and in Taiwan after 1949. It was the sole party in China during the Republican Era from 1928 to 1949, when most of the Chinese mainland was under its control. The party retreated from the mainland to Taiwan on 7 December 1949, following its defeat in the Chinese Civil War. Chiang Kai-shek declared martial law and retained its authoritarian rule over Taiwan under the Dang Guo system until democratic reforms were enacted in the 1980s and full democratization in the 1990s. In Taiwanese politics, the KMT is the dominant party in the Pan-Blue Coalition and primarily competes with the rival Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). It is currently the largest opposition party in the Legislative Yuan. The current chairman is Eric Chu.

...

Founded : 10 October 1919

Source : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuomintang

Share on Facebook Share on Twitter