True Left

History => Colonial Era => Topic started by: 90sRetroFan on March 29, 2021, 10:32:10 pm

Title: The Suez Canal
Post by: 90sRetroFan on March 29, 2021, 10:32:10 pm
I am sure everyone has been following this recent exhibition of grand incompetence:

So, which civilization is responsible for the Suez Canal existing in the first place?

In 1830, General Francis Chesney submitted a report to the British government that stated that there was no difference in elevation and that the Suez Canal was feasible
Linant de Bellefonds, a French explorer of Egypt, became chief engineer of Egypt's Public Works. In addition to his normal duties, he surveyed the Isthmus of Suez and made plans for the Suez Canal. French Saint-Simonianists showed an interest in the canal and in 1833, Barthélemy Prosper Enfantin tried to draw Muhammad Ali's attention to the canal but was unsuccessful. Alois Negrelli, the Italian-Austrian railroad pioneer, became interested in the idea in 1836.

In 1846, Prosper Enfantin's Société d'Études du Canal de Suez invited a number of experts, among them Robert Stephenson, Negrelli and Paul-Adrien Bourdaloue to study the feasibility of the Suez Canal (with the assistance of Linant de Bellefonds).
The Suez Canal Company (Compagnie universelle du canal maritime de Suez) came into being on 15 December 1858

Yep, the same one as was causing all the other problems in the colonial era. And let's not forget:

with assistance from the Cattaui banking family, and their relationship with James de Rothschild of the French House of Rothschild bonds and shares were successfully promoted in France and other parts of Europe.[55] All French shares were quickly sold in France.
Although numerous technical, political, and financial problems had been overcome, the final cost was more than double the original estimate.

The Khedive, in particular, was able to overcome initial reservations held by both British and French creditors by enlisting the help of the Sursock family, whose deep connections proved invaluable in securing much international support for the project.[68][69]

Is anyone surprised? Everyone here knows the Rothschilds, but the Cattauis and Sursocks may be less familar, so here is some additional information:

one of Cairo’s most powerful Jewish families.
In the wake of Egypt’s modernization, which started with the reign of Mohammed Ali Pasha (r.1805-48), vast fortunes were conceived in the form of trading houses, banks and real estate. How, and the way in which they did it, shaped the lives of certain families into the great dynasties they became. One such clan was the Cattauis. From Master of the Mint under Viceroy Abbas Hilmi I (r.1848-54) and saraf bashi under Viceroy Said (r.1854-63) to minister of transport and finance under King Fouad (r.1917-36), the Cattauis, deep rooted oriental Jews of Egypt, held a most privileged place in the country’s politics, commerce and society such as few other families in contemporary history. Banking and real estate, formed the basis of their dynastic fortune. Their power and prestige lasted unchallenged well through the first quarter of the present century.
The founding fathers and early directors of the National Bank of Egypt, which opened in June 1898, included a Cattaui (Moise Pasha) a Menashe (Baron Jacques) two Rolos (Jacob and Sir Robert) and three Suares (Felix, Raphael and Leon). These gentlemen were either descendants of Yacoub Cattaui or related to him by marriage.

The Sursock family (also spelled Sursuq) is a Greek Orthodox Christian family from Lebanon, and one of the most important "Seven Families" of Beirut. Having originated in Constantinople during the Byzantine Empire until 1453

The Sursocks were absentee landlords in the vast Marj Ibn `Amer (Jezreel Valley) in Northern Palestine. The Jewish National Fund was founded in 1901 by funding from the Baron to buy and develop land in Ottoman Palestine for Jewish settlement.[65] The PLDC acquired land for the Jewish National Fund (JNF). Official purchasing organizations such as the Palestine Land Development Company focused on consummating the transfer of some 65,000 dunams of land in the Jezreel Valley owned by the Sursocks. On 18 December 1918, the PDLC concluded an agreement with Nagib and Albert Sursock for the purchase of 71,356 dunams in the Jezreel Valley, including Tel Adashim, The Ottomans tried to limit mass land acquisition and immigration, but had their hands tied by European pressure and also corruption and greed of officials and large landowners. The sale of land in Marj ibn Amer is a noted case.[66][better source needed][67] Hankin of the KKL transacted the final settlement of purchase in 1921. Hankin originally worked for the PLDC and then became the main land speculator for both agencies.[68][69] The buyers demanded the existing settlers be relocated and as a result, the Arab tenant farmers were evicted

The good guys are always the good guys, and the bad guys are always the bad guys. (And so many people still don't understand why the Orthodox Church is our enemy.)

But the recent grand pileup is not even close to the worst consequence of the Suez Canal. Let's look at what else happened:

The excavation took some 10 years, with forced labour (corvée) being employed until 1864 to dig-out the canal.[57] Some sources estimate that over 30,000 people were working on the canal at any given period, that more than 1.5 million people from various countries were employed[49][58], and that tens of thousands of labourers died, many of them from cholera and similar epidemics.

Estimates of the number of deaths varies widely with Gamal Abdel Nasser famously citing 120,000 deaths upon nationalization of the canal in a 26 July 1956 speech
The canal had an immediate and dramatic effect on world trade. Combined with the American transcontinental railroad completed six months earlier, it allowed the world to be circled in record time. It played an important role in increasing European colonization of Africa. The construction of the canal was one of the reasons for the Panic of 1873 in Great Britain, because goods from the Far East had, until then, been carried in sailing vessels around the Cape of Good Hope and stored in British warehouses. An inability to pay his bank debts led Said Pasha's successor, Isma'il Pasha, in 1875 to sell his 44% share in the canal for £4,000,000 ($19.2 million), equivalent to £432 million to £456 million ($540 million to $570 million) in 2019, to the government of the United Kingdom.[71] French shareholders still held the majority.[72] Local unrest caused the British to invade in 1882 and take full control
The European Mediterranean countries in particular benefited economically from the Suez Canal, as they now had much faster connections to Asia and East Africa than the North and West European maritime trading nations such as Great Britain, the Netherlands or Germany. The biggest beneficiary in the Mediterranean was Austria-Hungary, which had participated in the planning and construction of the canal. The largest Austrian maritime trading company, Österreichischer Lloyd, experienced rapid expansion after the canal was completed, as did the port city of Trieste, then an Austrian possession. The company was a partner in the Compagnie Universelle du Canal de Suez, whose vice-president was the Lloyd co-founder Pasquale Revoltella.[74][75][76][77][78]
On the same day that the canal was nationalized Nasser also closed the Straits of Tiran to all Israeli ships.[81] This led to the Suez Crisis in which the UK, France, and Israel invaded Egypt. According to the pre-agreed war plans under the Protocol of Sèvres, Israel invaded the Sinai Peninsula on 29 October, forcing Egypt to engage them militarily, and allowing the Anglo-French partnership to declare the resultant fighting a threat to stability in the Middle East and enter the war – officially to separate the two forces but in reality to regain the Canal and bring down the Nasser government.[82][83][84]

I repeat: the good guys are always the good guys, and the bad guys are always the bad guys.

How much better would the world be if the Suez Canal had never existed?

But back to the grand pileup, at fault is not just the Suez Canal, but also the container ship that got stuck. So, which civilization invented container ships?

The first ships designed to carry standardized load units were used in the late 18th century in England. In 1766 James Brindley designed the box boat "Starvationer" with 10 wooden containers, to transport coal from Worsley Delph to Manchester via the Bridgewater Canal.[9] Before the Second World War, the first container ships were used to carry the baggage of the luxury passenger train from London to Paris (Southern Railway's Golden Arrow / La Flèche d'Or). These containers were loaded in London or Paris, and carried to ports of Dover or Calais on flat cars.[10] In February 1931, the first container ship in the world was launched; the Autocarrier, owned by Southern Railway UK. It had 21 slots for containers of Southern Railway. [9] [11]

The earliest container ships after the Second World War were converted oil tankers, built up from surplus T2 tankers after World War II. In 1951, the first purpose-built container vessels began operating in Denmark, and between Seattle and Alaska. The first commercially successful container ship was Ideal X,[12] a T2 tanker, owned by Malcom McLean, which carried 58 metal containers between Newark, New Jersey and Houston, Texas, on its first voyage.[13] In 1955, McLean built his company, McLean Trucking into one of the United States' biggest freighter fleets. In 1955, he purchased the small Pan Atlantic Steamship Company from Waterman Steamship and adapted its ships to carry cargo in large uniform metal containers.[14] On April 26, 1956, the first of these rebuilt container vessels, Ideal X, left the Port Newark in New Jersey and a new revolution in modern shipping resulted.[15][16]

MV Kooringa was the world's first fully cellular purpose-built container ship and was built by Australian company, Associated Steamships Pty. Ltd. in partnership with McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co and commissioned in May 1964.

Yep, the same one again!

All ships powered by anything more complicated than wind were never supposed to exist. The whole world had been happily using sails (which also meant much lighter ships) for thousands of years, and then guess which civilization came along with their fuel machines and ruined everything for everyone:

etc. etc.

Title: Re: The Suez Canal
Post by: rp on March 29, 2021, 10:45:19 pm
Also remember that the Zionist false flag known as the "Lavon Affair" was orchestrated by the Israeli Mossad in order to take control of the canal. I remember because this was the first part of Missing Links.
Title: Re: If Western civilization does not die soon.....
Post by: guest5 on May 04, 2021, 12:45:40 am
Cargo shipping: Chokepoints, trade routes – and a sign of excessive globalization?
Cargo shipping is basically the string that holds modern capitalism together; 90 percent of traded goods are transported over the water. But it mostly happens out of sight.
Throughout time, ships have gotten steadily bigger to accommodate more containers, with the biggest coming in at almost 24,000 TEU. Bigger ships carry more containers, which in turn means fewer trips and lower fuel costs. Disruptions to the global supply chain, whether as a result of a pandemic causing chaos in supply and demand, or of a gigantic ship getting stuck in a narrow but important canal, often call for a re-think. Should ships be that big and travel that far? It's all about ships, and where they’re headed, both literally and figuratively. What will they look like? Where will they go? How will they change?