Author Topic: Superiority cannot be taught  (Read 2994 times)

antihellenistic

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Re: Western Democracy
« Reply #75 on: March 19, 2024, 07:14:16 pm »
Quote
We are currently in the 13th annual National Bullying Prevention Month campaign, initiated in 2006 by PACER. The purpose of the yearly month-long campaign is, of course, to prevent bullying. While these annual campaigns have certainly enhanced awareness of bullying and the need to prevent it, as well as fueled the growth of the multi-billion dollar anti-bullying industry, it has made little progress in creating a world that is safe from bullying. Bullying is still called a growing epidemic by bullying prevention organizations, bullying-driven school shootings still occur with tragic frequency, and the youth suicide rate, which is somewhat correlated to bullying, has surged.

Furthermore, studies have shown repeatedly that the most highly regarded bullying prevention programs rarely produce more than a minor reduction in bullying and often result in an increase. The same is true of state anti-bullying laws. The researchers, especially those who conduct studies on their own programs, are stymied by the disappointing results, and proffer explanations. Perhaps their most common one is that the programs were not implemented with sufficient consistency or intensity. Rarely, if ever, do the researchers consider the possibility that the programs, by their very nature, are bound to be of limited effectiveness.

...

Bullies frequently carry out their aggression before an audience of peers, and the presence of an audience can boost a bully’s sense of power. But bystanders seldom stop the aggression; they may in fact enjoy the spectacle. Even if they don’t approve of the situation, they may dislike the victim or fear retaliation by the bully.

...

As at Camp Kern, most of the time bystanders either do nothing to stop bullying or actively encourage it with laughing, taunts, and congratulatory “high fives” to the victimizers. Studies of schoolchildren show that although few admit to enjoying the spectacle of bullying, many say that “it is not my job to stop it,” or fear direct retribution if they intervene, or later peer scorn as a “snitch” if they report bullying to adults.

And with good reason: Once, when I did muster the courage to report abuse by high school classmates during gym period, the gym teacher, who was one of the football coaches, snorted, “I hate whiners,” and made me lean against the wall as punishment, nose first, in front of the girls’ gym class.

Kids quickly learn that adults — like their fellow bystanders — often blame the victim, so they prudently do nothing to stop bullying while it’s occurring and keep quiet about it afterward.

Source :

1. Kalman, Izzy. (2018). If Your Anti-Bullying Program Isn't Working, Here's Why
Here's a contribution to National Bullying Prevention Month. Accessed on Wednesday, 20th March 2024, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/intl/blog/resilience-bullying/201810/if-your-anti-bullying-program-isnt-working-heres-why

2. Bullying. (2024). Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/intl/basics/bullying#:~:text=Bullying%20is%20a%20distinctive%20pattern,bullying%20from%20garden%2Dvariety%20aggression

3‌. Haseltine, Eric. (2017). How We Can End Bullying Shifting the spotlight from the stage to the audience. Accessed on Wednesday, 20th March 2024, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/intl/blog/long-fuse-big-bang/201710/how-we-can-end-bullying

The conclusion is, that to stop bullies must defeat the bullies, even though the majority of bystanders support the bullies both actively and passively. Ending violence needs anti-democratic attitude
« Last Edit: March 19, 2024, 07:40:25 pm by antihellenistic »

90sRetroFan

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Re: Superiority cannot be taught
« Reply #76 on: March 19, 2024, 07:37:54 pm »
"Bullying is democratic by nature"

This is inaccurate. Bullies do not ask for a vote on whether someone should be bullied. Please do not use the term "democratic" to describe unrelated phenomena. It just makes us sound stupid.

antihellenistic

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Re: Superiority cannot be taught
« Reply #77 on: May 13, 2024, 01:19:23 am »
Human political and behavioural attitudes are biology and hereditary by nature, not result from education

Quote
...personality endures and is highly heritable. The heritability of personality means that much of the variation in personality across individuals is rooted in biology (e.g., Riemann, Angleitner, & Strelau, 1997). To a large extent we are born with the tendency to be extraverted, to be conscientious, and so on.

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In 2005, political scientists’ views on these matters received a jolt when Alford, Funk, and Hibbing (2005) showed that political ideology is highly heritable—that is, that 50% or more of the variation across individuals in ideology stems from biological differences. This finding implies that young adults do not enter the political world as blank slates, but instead carry with them relatively intransient predispositions about that world, and especially predispositions to be ideologically liberal or conservative.

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The sample is derived from the Mid Atlantic Twin Registry (MATR) based on a survey conducted in the late 1980s, dubbed the Virginia 30,000. Approximately 40% of the sample was recruited from the larger Virginia area, and the remaining were solicited through a national AARP mailer. At the time, both groups favored slightly more conservative political attitudes. The sample contains 28,877 individuals who are all familial relatives of the core population of roughly 12,000 twins. For more detail on the sample structure, ascertainment, and questionnaire, see Eaves et al. (1999).

...

The fact that both personality traits and political attitudes have nontrivial genetic components and that the genetic variance in attitudes remains largely independent suggests an alternative hypothesis: a latent genetic trait mutually influences both personality and attitudes. This view is more consistent with a modern understanding of genetics: there are no specific genes for a given political attitude or personality trait. Genes encode protein messengers that execute a series of physiological processes culminating in behaviors, personality traits, and attitudes in conjunction with environmental stimuli.

...

...P is positively correlated with tough-mindedness, risk-taking, sensation-seeking, impulsivity, and authoritarianism (Adorno et al. 1950; Altemeyer 1996; Eysenck and Eysenck 1985, McCourt et al. 1999). In social situations, those who score high on P are more uncooperative, hostile, troublesome, and socially withdrawn, but lack feelings of inferiority and have an absence of anxiety. At the extremes, those scoring high on P are manipulative, tough-minded, and practical (Eysenck 1954). By contrast, people low on P are more likely to be more altruistic, well socialized, empathic, and conventional (Eysenck and Eysenck 1985; Howarth 1986). As such, we expect higher P scores to be related to more conservative political attitudes, particularly for militarism and social conservatism.

Source :

1. Cawvey, M., Hayes, M., Canache, D., & Mondak, J.  (2017, January 25). Personality and Political Behavior. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Retrieved 13 May. 2024, from https://oxfordre.com/politics/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.001.0001/acrefore-9780190228637-e-221.

2. Verhulst, B., Eaves, L. J., & Hatemi, P. K. (2012). Correlation not causation: the relationship between personality traits and political ideologies. American journal of political science, 56(1), 34–51. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5907.2011.00568.x